Rubella (german measles) is a rare infection. It's usually a mild condition that gets better without treatment in 7 to 10 days. Having the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine is the best way to prevent it.
The birth defects caused by the rubella virus are known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). The earlier in the pregnancy, the greater the risk. There's no treatment known to be effective in preventing CRS. There isn't thought to be any risk of CRS developing if you're infected with rubella after the 20th week of pregnancy.
Since the introduction of the MMR vaccine, CRS is now very rare in the UK.
Information about you
If you or your child has rubella, your clinical team will pass information about you or your child on to the National Congenital Anomaly and Rare Diseases Registration Service (NCARDRS).
This helps scientists look for better ways to prevent and treat this condition. You can opt out of the register at any time.