Signs and symptoms of long COVID

There are many different signs and symptoms of long COVID. Your symptoms may change over time. The most common symptoms include:

Breathing (respiratory symptoms)
Heart and circulation (cardiovasular symptoms)
Brain (neurological symptoms)
  • brain fog, loss of concentration, or memory issues (cognitive impairment)
  • headache
  • broken sleep
  • pins and needles, and numbness (peripheral neuropathy symptoms)
  • dizziness
  • sudden confusion (delirium) particularly in older people
  • difficulties moving around (mobility impairment)
  • difficulties with or changes to your sight (visual disturbance)
Digestive system (gastrointestinal symptoms)
  • abdominal pain
  • feeling sick (nausea)
  • diarrhoea
  • weight loss and reduced appetite
Joints and muscles (musculoskeletal symptoms)
Mental health (psychological symptoms)
  • symptoms of depression for example low mood, poor sleep, lack of concentration and feeling helpless
  • symptoms of anxiety for example feeling on edge, excessive worry and difficulties sleeping
  • symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, especially in people with more severe coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms that needed intensive care in hospital
Ear, nose and throat symptoms
Skin (dermatological symptoms)
  • skin rashes
  • hair loss

Other general symptoms can include fatigue, fever and pain.

Some people with long COVID may have symptoms of postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS) which may need further investigation. PoTS is an abnormal increase in heart rate that happens after standing up. Symptoms include lightheadedness, palpitations and fatigue.

Managing your symptoms

Non-urgent advice: Contact your GP practice if:

  • you're worried about your symptoms
  • your symptoms are getting worse

The team within your GP practice can provide advice.

Further information about assessing your symptoms

Further information about managing:

Support available

Chest Heart & Stroke Scotland's Advice Line nurses provide confidential advice, support and information to help people living with long COVID, or their family members.

To contact the Advice Line nurses:

The information on this page is for people aged 18 and over. Contact your GP or paediatric team directly if you're worried about possible long COVID symptoms in a child or young person under 18.

Last updated:
13 March 2023

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